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2/28/2019

[CLASSROOM OBSERVATION] Meaning and Sample Conducted by GSU STUDENT IN GOMBE

INTRODUCTION:
Classroom observation as the name implies is the feature of education that introduces a student in teacher in training program in to contact with the real teaching profession, where a student teacher should be disperse to go to a particular school of his/her choice to make an observation from the qualify teachers in that school preparatory to his/her teaching practice. The classroom observation is just to expose the student teacher to have an experience that is required by a professional educationalist so as to be professional in teaching.
Classroom observation was to make the teacher in training to observe the professional teacher in some aspect of teaching and learning which include the following;
Lesson Plan.
Introduction of the Lesson.
Use of instructional materials.
A Methodology of teaching.
Classroom control and management.
Evaluation of lesson taught.
Conclusion of Lesson.
Maintenance of discipline.
Confidence and composure.
Appearance and dressing.
Frequency and quality.
By observing all the above mention different aspect of teaching and learning, the teacher in training should be able to understand and know how he/she is going to design his/her own approach.

    REPORT DISCRIPTION:
This report of observation is classify in to three segments i.e. 1st, 2nd and 3rd series of inspection, were the 1st and 2nd observation was made in Ilimi International college and the 3rd  observation was  made in Sheik Abubakar Mahmud Gumi School.
The observation was made best on the following skills with their component/description.
LESSON PLANING:  This include the following;
Objectives (Clarity and quality).
Instructional materials (suitability).
Content (Relevance and comprehensiveness).
Overall quality of the lesson plan.
TEACHING PROCEDURE: This include the following;
Introduction (interesting and linkage to student experiences).
Subject content mastering.
Presentation of lesson (logical and sequential).
Teachers voice projection.
Student participation in the class.
Use of black/white board.
Questioning techniques (Relevance and appropriateness).
Use of teaching aids (Effective and Efficient).
Command of language of instruction.
Time management (Coverage of lesson as plan).
Evaluation of lesson taught (Quantity and quality).
Conclusion of lesson (Smoothness and briskness).
CASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL: This has to do with the way the teacher control and manage his/her class which include:
Maintenance of discipline.
TEACHERS PERSONALITY: This include;
Confidence and composure.
Appearance and dressing.
ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT WORK: This include;
Frequency and quality.
 DETAILS OF THE OBSERVATIONS
At the first day in the school, I presented my letter to the school principle. Then he introduced me with some of their professional teachers who use to take those classes before me. Then they give me their time that I will meet them. Both of them cordially invited me to observe their classes which I observed three different subjects.






FIRST (1st) OBSERVATION:
SCHOOL: Ilimi International College
AREA OF SPECIALIZATION: Biology Inter Science
SUBJECT: Biology
TOPIC: Genetics
CLASS: SS3C
GENDER: Mixed (Boys &Girls)
AVERAGE AGE: 18years
NUMBER OF STUDENTS: 50
PERIOD: 2nd period
TIME: 8:10am-9:40am
DURATION: 1hour 30minutes
DATE: November 15, 2018
FEATURES OF THE OBSERVED CLASS
LESSON PLAN:
*The teacher has no lesson plan
INTRODUCTION (INTEREST AND LINKAGE TO STUDENT EXPERIENCES):
The teacher introduces his lesson by evaluating the student about what he taught them from their previous lesson and the respond of the student shows that he achieved the set of his objectives and then he go further by asking the students the assignment he has given to them in the previous class. Most of the students presented the assignment to him and this also shows that the teacher concluded his last lesson by given them an assignment.
He continues with his introduction by explaining what Genetics is, and some terms related to the topic (Genetics).
SUBJECT CONTENT MASTERING:
By all indications, the reaction of the Teacher in the Class such as the way he read his Text Book before explaining the concept he uses his knowledge and skills on the concept and use the textbooks to help him.
PRESENTATION OF LESSON (LOGICAL AND SEQUENTIAL):
The teacher presented his lesson in logically and sequentially, that is from simple to complex.
TEACHERS VOICE PROJECTION:
The teacher’s voice was audible and suitable for the student which it can be heard from the last student sitting on the bench.
STUDENT PARTCIPATION IN THE CLASS:
10% of the student are not participating while 90% are participating and most of them are sitting at the front bench.
USE OF WHITE AND BLACK BOARD:
The teacher uses the black board appropriately most especially when it comes to crossing of genotype.
QUESTIONING TECHNIQUES (RELEVANT AND APPROPRIATENESS):
Teachers select some students to come to the board and cross the genotype.
USE OF TEACHING AIDS (EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENTS):
The teacher   use   instructional materials/teaching aids while teaching the students in the class.

COMMAND OF LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION:
The command of language used by the teacher was English language which is the official language in the school and is very sound enough.
TIME MANAGEMENT (COVERAGE OF LESSON AS PLAN):
The teacher manage his time in the sense that he finished his lesson and start evaluating the students and left some minutes before they ring the bell.
EVALUATION OF LESSON TAUGHT (QUATITY AND QUALITY):
The teacher evaluated   students by asking some students the definition of some terms from the topic he taught them.
CONCLUTION OF LESSON (SMOOTHNESS AND BRISKNESS):
The teacher  conclution is not smooth.
MAINTAINANCE OF DISCIPLINE:
 The discipline of the class is very low which lead to students communication in class especially those at the back bench.
COMPEDENCE AND COMPOSURE:
The teacher’s voice and his interaction with the students shows that he has confidence  and composure. i.e he master his subject.
APPEARANCE AND DRESSING:
The teacher dress properly which is suitable for teachers while teaching and learning is taking place.
ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS WORK:
 The teacher assessment is very low. There is  need to increase

COMMENT: The teacher tried his own best to see teaching and learning has taken place.
SUGGESTION FOR IMPROVEMENT: The teacher should prepare his lesson (lesson plan) before he go to the class and he has to increase his maintenance of discipline.



SECOND (2nd) OBSERVATION:
SCHOOL: Ilimi International College
AREA OF SPECIALIZATION: Agricultural Science
SUBJECT: Agricultural Science
TOPIC: Revision for the term
CLASS: SS1B
GENDER: Mixed (Boys &Girls)
AVERAGE AGE: 16years
NUMBER OF STUDENTS: 40
PERIOD: 1st period after break
TIME: 10:00am-10:40amF
DURATION: 40minutes
DATE: November 15, 2018
FEATURES OF THE OBSERVED CLASS
LESSON PLAN:
*The teacher has no lesson plan.
INTRODUCTION:
The teacher started the class by telling the student to ask him question from what he taught them from the beginning of the term.
SUBJECT CONTENT MASTERY:
The teacher is very sound from his subject. He revised the lesson to the students clearly and actively.
PRESENTATION OF THE LESSON (LOGICAL AND SEQUENTIAL):
The teacher presents the lesson in a logical and sequential manner.
TEACHERS VOICE PROJECTON:
The voice of the teacher was suitable for the students in the class which it can be heard from the last bench and a remarkable thing is the changing of tone of his voice which creates special attention in the class.
STUDENT PARTICIPATION IN THE CLASS:
The students participated in the class as a result of the way he ask the students questions by selecting them logically.
USE OF BLACK/WHITE BOARD:
The teacher use the black board, his written was legible and can be even seen from the last bench. He does not stand toward to the board making the student facing his back.
QUESTIONING TECHNIQUES (RELEVANCE AND APPROPRIATENESS):
The teacher selected  students randomly and asked them relevant questions and they answer him appropriately.
USE OF TEACHING AIDS (EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT):
The teacher does not use any teaching aids in his class.
COMMAND OF LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION:
The teacher uses English language as the command of language which is the official language used in the school. He has good grammar.
TIME MANAGEMENT (COVERAGE OF LESSON AS PLAN):
The teacher managed the period of his time in each step and  revise the lesson he taught them  wisely.
EVALUATION OF LESSON TAUGHT ( QUANTITY AND QUALITY):
The teacher evaluates the students by asking the students valid and enough questions.
MAINTENANCE OF DISCIPLINE:
The teacher controlling power over the students was very high and strong which help the students for about 97% to concentrated and participated in the class.
CONFIDENCE AND COMPOSURE:
The teacher’s face, attitude, behavior, voice shows that the teacher has confidence and composure.
APPEARANCE AND DRESSING:
The teacher appeared properly in term of his dressing as it supposed to be.
FREQUENCY AND QUALITY: The students get more information and asked the teacher some questions where there is need.

COMMENT: The teacher tried very much to see everybody participated when teaching and learning is taken place.
SUGESSTION FOR IMPROVEMENT: The teacher should be creating a suitable funny situation in the class to make the students laugh which should be related to the lesson, so as to minimize the fear of the students that they were getting from the teacher.




    THIRD (3rd) OBSERVATION:
SCHOOL: Sheik Abubakar Mahmud Gumi
AREA OF SPECIALIZATION: Biology Science
SUBJECT: Biology
TOPIC: Tolerance
CLASS: SS2
GENDER: Mixed (Boys &Girls)
AVERAGE AGE: 16years
NUMBER OF STUDENTS: 65
PERIOD: 1st period
TIME: 7:30am-8:10am
DURATION: 40minutes
DATE: November 14, 2018
FEATURES OF THE OBSERVED CLASS
LESSON PLAN:
The teacher has no lesson plan.
INTRODUCTION(INTERESTING AND LINKAGE TO STUDENTS EXPERIENCIES):
The teacher introduced the lesson by summarizing what he has taught them from their previous lesson and then further to ask for the assignment he has given to them.


SUBJECT CONTENT MASTERY:
From the action of the teacher approach to the students shows that, the teacher has mastered the content of the subject soundly.
PRESENTATION OF LESSON(LOGICAL AND SEQUENTIAL):
The teacher’s presentation of the lesson was logically and sequentially arranged in a way that he started by copying the note to the students on the board and further to explain it to them.
TEACHER’S VOICE PROJECTION:
The teacher’s voice was loud and enough to the extent that the entire students of the classroom are hearing him.
STUDENTS PARTIPATION IN THE CLASS:
The participation of the students in the classroom is very less.
USE OF BLACK/WHITE BOARD;
The teacher used black board to copy the note to the students first before he started presenting the lesson to the students.
QUESTIONING TECHNIQUES (RELEVANCE AND APPROPRIATENESS):
The teacher does not ask the student question after presenting the lesson.

USE OF TEACHING AIDS (EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT):
The teacher does not use any teaching aid.
TIME MANAGEMENT (COVERAGE OF LESSON AS PLAN):
The teacher managed his time to achieve his objectives to the student and left the rest of the time to the students to ask him questions on what he taught them.

EVALUATION OF LESSON TAUGHT (QUANTITY AND QUALITY):
The teacher does not evaluate the students to see whether teaching and learning has taken place or not.

MAINTAINANCE OF DISCIPLINE:
The teacher classroom controlling power is strong at the first time he started presenting the lesson but it slow down at the end.
CONFIDENCE AND COMPOSURE:
The teacher was friendly to the students at the same time he was very harsh when it comes to serious.
APPEARANCE AND DRESSING:
The teacher dress properly as it supposed.
FREQUENCY AND QUALITY:
The girls are more concentrated to the teacher than the boys in the classroom.
Why??
COMMENTs:
The teacher tried his own best so far to see teaching and learning has taken place.
SUGGESTION FOR IMPROVEMENT:
I suggested that the teacher should increase his discipline over his student and lesson should be plan.
The teacher should used no gender discrimination in teaching, let the boys start participating well as female is doing in the class.

 CUMMULATIVE REPORT FOR THE OBSERVATION
 The period for the observation as it was segmented in to three classes which have been discussed above in details. Below are the summary of the three observations that was done.
INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE:
INTRODUCTION: In the process of introducing the lesson to the student, some of the teachers for eternity established their lesson by summarizing the previous lesson while some asked the students a few questions based on their previous lesson and give a brief elucidation on the new topic to be taught which is constantly used to stimulate the students to learn.
PRESENTATION OF THE LESSON:
Contents: The contents preferred by some teachers were appropriate and it goes well with the level understanding of the learners, for that reason   approximately all the teachers assess their previous lesson as well as their objectives.
 Some of the lesson taught was well understood by most of the student despite the facts that others were not and is due to the inappropriate selection of content and poor presentation of the lesson.
Objectives: Most of the teachers tried as much as possible for them to achieve their set of goals while some do not aimed at achieving those goals for the reason that the content selected were not suitable to the student level.
 The teachers points were well analyzed in to various aspects as they were associated and incorporated from uncomplicated multifarious so that the student understand the lesson very well.



Learning experiences:
Some teachers preferred the learning experiences which suited the nature of the lesson and the level of understanding of the students.
The speaking i.e. grammar is good and chalkboard usage is very good by some teachers.
Some teachers do not govern the class very well.
Some teachers shatterproof the students by saying very good or good attempt.
Evaluation: some of the teachers attempted formative evaluations   by asking the students questions at every step of the lesson presented. Also the teachers kept asking the students questions where they did not understand and explaining it clearly to them. The teachers carry summative evaluations in some cases i.e. towards the end of the lesson.
3. GENERAL CLASSROOM CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT:
Problems regarding the classroom control and management were discovered, these tribulations were as a result of the poor state of physical facilities in some schools such as inadequate classes to accommodate students and this was obvious where the number of students in a class is higher than the normal   and this makes it difficult for the teachers to control and manage their classes during teaching. Also lack of furniture in the classes of some schools which created a lot of problems since the number of the students cannot sustain the available furniture in the class, five students per seat lead to inconvenient, lack of fresh air and ventilation causing intolerable hot which resulted the learning to be unproductive.




PROBLEMS OBSERVED
During my observation, I observed that there were many areas that contributed to inconveniences in teaching and learning process. Some problems occurred due to government improper attention to education.
Though my observation is made at private  schools, the problems observed at the private school is that the school management does not provide educational facilities to the teachers such as libraries, laboratories, standard text books, instructional materials as well as good learning environment, the way the students are sitting in the class is not well arranged and this is due to insufficient desk in the class.
Another problem is that some teachers does not start their lessons at a right time, some do not write lesson plan as well as coming with instructional materials in to the class room.












SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT AND RECOMMENDATION
Based on the observations and the problems observed, so many things need to be put in place and I hereby suggesting that the following steps should be considered in solving those problems.
Government should try as much as possible to provide adequate facilities for the school. They should provide desks, chairs, renovate the classes, build libraries, and build laboratories and more classes so as to reduce the number of student per class.
The school authority should put more effort in making sure that the school laboratories are provided with equipment and are being utilize for teaching and learning  and also practical. Also the school authority should find a means of forcing teachers to be in the class at right time.
Teachers should make sure that they use the laboratories judiciously; teaching aids should also be used by the teachers to ensure proper learning , understanding and motivate their students to learn.
Government should organize workshops and seminars for teachers to improve their teaching skills.
Also teachers that are not planning their lesson are advised to be doing so, because its only through the lesson plan a teacher can be able to know whether the teaching is effective or not.
Therefore, if both government and school authority put hands together, all the above mentioned problems would be reduced or eradicated in totality.




CONCLUSION
As the classroom observation was defined, is the progression where the teacher in training can scrutinized an experienced teacher in areas like: Introduction and presentation of the lesson, steps followed during the delivery of the lesson, summary, evaluation and conclusion of the lesson, and some other features that are complicated in teaching and learning circumstances.
Therefore, classroom observation as a course of study in teacher training program plays an important role. What a teacher in training learns during the observation will be reflected straightforwardly during teaching practice exercise were supplementary practical experiences will be acquired.
During the observation, so many experiences were observed and learned; success and failures that makes teaching and learning to be effective were observed and will be adopted in teaching practice exercise.
The success or failure of a lesson depends exceedingly upon how the lesson is planned, introduced and evaluated. Excellent and effective teaching depends exclusively on the skills and competencies of the teacher, and for effective teaching and learning if it’s carefully introduced.
The classroom inspection is a very significant course in teacher training program as it exposed to many portion of teaching and learning. Therefore, I learned many experiences during the inspection from different experienced and qualified teachers. I will try all my potential ways to see that I use all those experiences gained from them during my teaching practice exercise.
This exercise was done and assortment of things were observed & learned and importance issues were measured.



#haske
#assignment
#Education
#GSU
#STUDENTS
#Classroom
#Observation
#Nigeria.     #Arewa.   #Gombe

Ibrahim Ali
(Abusulaym111)
Fatima Musa Hari
(Ummu Amnah)
Students of GSU.













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